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The ID and class selectors

The ID and class selectors

The CSS ID selector is indicated by the hash (#) symbol in the stylesheet. It matches the ID attribute of an HTML element on a page.


<div id="container">Your content</div>

From our stylesheet we can access it like this:


#container { background-colour: green; }

We can only use the same ID once in a document. It is used to select one unique element!

It’s best to avoid using IDs for css and only use the ID attribute in a document if you need to access that element via Javascript.

The CSS class selector selects one or more HTML elements with a class attribute.


<div class="alert">Your content</div>

To select the “alert” class in your stylesheet, we need to put a period (.) before the classname:


.alert {
    margin-right: 10px;

You can use the same classname on multiple elements on a page. This way you can modify those elements at once. In the above example, every element that has the class “alert” will receive a margin-right 10px.

We can also add more than one class to an HTML element:

<div class="alert text-center">Your content</div>

In this case the classes must be separated by a space.

We can also narrow down which HTML element should be affected by a class:

div.alert {
   background-colour: blue;

In this example, only divs using the class “alert” will have their background in blue. For example,

<p class="alert">Content</p>

will not be affected.

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